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Adilabad
అదిలాబాద్

Karimnagar
కరీంనగర్
Warangal
వరంగల్
Khammam
ఖమ్మం
Nalgonda
నల్గొండ
Mahboobnagar
మహబూబ్‌నగర్
Medak
మెదక్
Nizamabad
నిజామాబాద్
Hyderabad
హైదరాబాద్
Rangareddy
రంగారెడ్డి
  Hyderabad
Hyderabad

 

HYDERABAD is the capital and the most populous city of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. Hyderabad has a population of over 4 million. It is known as the "City of Pearls" and the "City of Nizams ".

The city has been classified as an A-1 city in terms of development priorities, due to its size, population and impact.

Hyderabad has developed into a major hub for the information technology industry in India. The city is home to the world's largest film studio, the Ramoji Film City as well as the Telugu Film Industry, the second-largest in India, known popularly as Tollywood. It is also a sporting destination with numerous sporting venues and stadia. Various national and international games are conducted here, and the city is the home of the Deccan Chargers, Indian Premier League team.

Residents of Hyderabad are called Hyderabadis. The city is regarded as a blend of traditionalism with modernity.

Hyderabad has an average elevation of about 489 meters above sea level (1,607 ft). Most of the area has a rocky terrain and some areas are hilly. Crops are commonly grown in the surrounding paddy fields.

The original city of Hyderabad was founded on the banks of river Musi. Now known as the historic Old City, home to the Charminar and Mecca Masjid, it lies on the southern bank of the river. The heart of the city saw a shift to the north of the river, with the construction of many government buildings and landmarks there, especially south of the Hussain Sagar lake. The rapid growth of the city, along with the merging of Secunderabad, 12 municipal circles and the Cantonment has resulted in a large, united and populous area. Still so many villages near by are getting a facelift to merge in the twin cities in the near future.

History

Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah, a ruler of the Qutb Shahi dynasty, was the founder of Hyderabad City. In the year 1591, when the Moon was in the constellation of Leo, Jupiter in its own abode and all celestial planets favourably placed, he laid the foundation of a new city which he called Bhagyanagar after his beloved queen 'Bhagmati'. Bhagmati embraced Islam and took the name Hyder Mahal and consequently Bhagynagar was renamed Hyderabad after her.

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Geography

Situated on the Deccan Plateau, Hyderabad has an average elevation of about 489 meters above sea level (1,607 ft). Most of the area has a rocky terrain and some areas are hilly. Crops are commonly grown in the surrounding paddy fields.

The original city of Hyderabad was founded on the banks of river Musi. Now known as the historic Old City, home to the Charminar and Mecca Masjid, it lies on the southern bank of the river. The heart of the city saw a shift to the north of the river, with the construction of many government buildings and landmarks there, especially south of the Hussain Sagar lake. The rapid growth of the city, along with the merging of Secunderabad , 12 municipal circles and the Cantonment has resulted in a large, united and populous area. Still so many villages near by are getting a facelift to merge in the twin cities in the near future.

Climate

Hyderabad has a tropical savanna climate with hot summers from late February to early June, the monsoon season from late June to early October and a pleasant winter from late October to early February. In the evenings and mornings the climate is generally cooler because of the city's good elevation. Hyderabad gets about 32 inches (about 810 mm) of rain every year, almost all of it concentrated in the monsoon months. The highest temperature ever recorded was 45.5 o C (113.9 °F) on 2 June 1966, while the lowest recorded temperature was 6.1 o C (43 °F) on 8 January 1946.

Demographics

The city's population in 2001 was 3.6 million and it has reached over 4.0 million by 2009 making it among the most populated cities in India, while the population of the metropolitan area was estimated above 6.3 million. Muslims constitute about 40% of the population, making Hyderabad's Muslim community the largest in Andhra Pradesh. Muslims have substantial presence across the city and are predominant in and around Old City. Christians constitute a small amount of the city's population. Churches are located across the city and the popular ones are in Abids and Secunderabad areas.

Telugu and Urdu are the principal languages spoken in the city. English has a strong presence among the educated people.

Urdu spoken here is also unique, with influences of Turkish and Farsi, giving rise to a dialect sometimes called Hyderabadi Urdu or Deccani . The official language, Telugu, varies a little across the state but the core language remains the same. Some education is conducted in English and Hindi.

Administration

The Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation earlier known as the MCH is the urban planning agency that oversees Hyderabad, the capital and largest city in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is the local government for the City of Hyderabad. Its geographical area covers most of the urban development agency the Hyderabad Metropolitan Development Authority.

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Economy

Hyderabad is the financial, economic and political capital of the state of Andhra Pradesh. The city is the largest contributor to the state's gross domestic product , state tax and excise revenues.

The workforce participation is about 29.55%. Starting in the 1990s, the economic pattern of the city has changed from being a primarily service city to being one with a more diversified spectrum, including trade, transport, commerce, storage, communication etc. Service industry is the major contributor, with urban workforce constituting 90% of the total workforce.

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Transport

Andhra Pradesh has a well developed Transport system to help people travel to almost every part of India. There are several modes of transportation available in the city.

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Hyderabad Education

Primary Schools

Up Primary 
Schools

High school

Hr sec  school

 1439

468

1097

15

Hyderabad Education

Hyderabad is a very important city in India as far as educational opportunities are concerned.

It is home to two central universities, two deemed universities, and six state universities. The Osmania University is one of the premier universities in India.

The Indian School of Business and the National Academy of Legal Studies & Research (NALSAR) are based in Hyderabad besides leading institutes like Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, International Institute of Information Technology and many others.

STATE UNIVERSITIES

  • Acharya N G Ranga Agricultural University
  • Dr B R Ambedkar Open University
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University
  • NALSAR University of Law
  • Osmania University
  • Potti Sreeramulu Telugu University

OTHER UNIVERSITIES

  • The Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS)
  • ICFAI School of Marketing Studies
  • ICFAI Business School
  • ICFAI School of Financial Studies
  • Indian School of Business
  • International Institute of Information Technology, Hyderabad (IIIT)

INSTITUTIONS AND RESEARCH CENTERS

  • Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology
  • Centre for DNA Fingerprinting and Diagnostics
  • English and Foreign Languages University
  • Central Power Research Institute
  • Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture
  • The Directorate of Rice Research
  • Hyderabad Eye Research Foundation
  • Indian Council of Agricultural Research
  • International Crop Research
  • Institute for Semi-Arid Tropics
  • Institute for Development in Research and Banking Technology
  • Indian Institute of Chemical Technology
  • Institute of Genetics and Hospital for Genetic Diseases
  • Laboratory for the Conservation of Endangered Species
  • L. V. Prasad Eye Institute
  • National Academy of Agricultural Research Management
  • National Geophysical Research Institute
  • National Institute of Nutrition
  • Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Systems
  • Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences.
  • Engineering Staff College of India
  • Institute of Public Enterprise
  • National Academy of Construction
  • National Geophysical Research Institute
  • Center of Plant Molecular Biology
  • Indian Statistical Institute (Hyderabad branch)
  • National Remote Sensing Agency,
  • India's Satellite Monitoring Station.
  • National Centre for Compositional Characterisation of Materials

ENGINEERING COLLEGES IN HYDERABAD

  • Vasavi College of Engineering
  • Bharat Institute of Engineering and Technology
  • Mahaveer Institute of Science and Technology
  • College of Engineering, JNTU, Hyderabad
  • Sreenidhi Institute of Science & Technology
  • Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Technology
  • P Indra Reddy Memorial Engineering College
  • Engineering Departments of Osmania University
  • Gokaraju Rangaraju Institute of Engineering and Technology
  • MVSR Engineering college
  • Muffakham Jah College of Engineering and Technology
  • Nalla Malla Reddy Engineering College
  • Princeton College Of Engineering and Technology

Employment in Hyderabad

Gazettend

Non Gazettend

 9179

50990

Employment in Hyderabad

Water in Hyderabad

RAINFALL JUNE TO MAY 2007-08

Actual

Normal

% deviation over normal

 952.8

779.3

22

Water in Hyderabad

 
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