telanganamatatelangana
warangalcity.in
  నా తెలంగాణా కోటి రతనాల వీణ ...
Adilabad
అదిలాబాద్

Karimnagar
కరీంనగర్
Warangal
వరంగల్
Khammam
ఖమ్మం
Nalgonda
నల్గొండ
Mahboobnagar
మహబూబ్‌నగర్
Medak
మెదక్
Nizamabad
నిజామాబాద్
Hyderabad
హైదరాబాద్
Rangareddy
రంగారెడ్డి
  Nalgonda
Nalgonda

 

Nalgonda is a town and a municipality in Nalgonda district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. Its name is derived from two Telugu words Nalla (black) and Konda (hills). Nalgonda in the past is referred to as Nilagiri. During the period of Bahamani kingdom, it had been renamed as Nallagonda.. Later in Nizam rule, during the later kings rule the name has been transformed in to Nalgonda (for official uses). But in popular culture it's called as Nallagonda only. Recently A.P. govt. has changed its name to Nalgonda for convenience (for official purpose).

But the popular name, Nallagonda, with which it is referred to by one and all and finds the name frequently even in "Poetry of the famous Telangana Liberation Struggle", should be restored back in view of its history and popular usage.

Geography

Nalgonda is located at 17°03 ' N 79°16 ' E / 17.05°N 79.27°E . It has an average elevation of 421 meters (1381 feet ).

Demographics

As of 2001 India census, Nalgonda had a population of 110,651. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Nalgonda has an average literacy rate of 78%, higher than the national average of 59.5%;: male literacy is 84%, and female literacy is 72%. In Nalgonda, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

History

Palaeolithic Age

During this period, people fashioned tools and weapons by chipping hard stones of convenient size and shape. This feature is testified by the findings of unofficial Paleolithic implements of the Soan type at Yeleshwaram.

Neolithic Age

Traces of Neolithic culture were found at Chota Yelupu, where sling stones and other objects of interest were unearthed. The existence of Megalithic culture was revealed by the discovery of innumerable burials at various places like Tipparti, Nakrekal, Nalgonda etc.

Mauryas and Satavahanas (230 BCE - 218 BCE)

The political history of the district commences with the Mauryas. Mauryas, during the reign of Ashoka the Great held their sway over this region. Later the region came under the overlordship of the Satavahanas who ruled between 230 BCE - 218 BCE. It was during this period the region established trade contacts with the Roman empire.

Ikshvakus (227 - 306)

The Ikshvakus attained control over the region and ruled with their capital Vijayapuri. During this period Sakas and tled in this region. Buddhism flourished during this period. Iksvaku's are one of the greatest Andhra dynasties ever ruled.

Pallavas and Vishnukundinis

After the Ikshvakus, Pallavas and Yadavass fought for supremacy over the region. Luck favoured the Vishnukundins in the form of Samudragupta's invasion of the South. Vishnukundins ruled from first quarter of the fifth century to the first decade of the seventh century. Later Kubja Vishnuvardhana ruled this territory with Vengi as his capital.

Rashtrakutas

A major portion of the district appears to have passed from the Chalukyas of Badami to the Rashtrakutas. Rashtrakutas fell in 973 and gave room to the Chalukyas of Kalyani. The sway of the Chalukyas continued until the end of the 12th century.

Medieval period

The district passed under the control of the Kakatiyas from the western Chalukyas. During Prataparudra 's time the kingdom was annexed to the Tughluq empire in 1323. During Muhammad bin Tughluq 's period, Musunuri chief Kapayanayaka ceded a part of Nalgonda to Ala-ud-din Hasan Bahman Shah . Later the region came under the rule of Recherlavelamas of Rachakonda and Devarakonda . During Ahmad Shah I 's period the region was annexed to Bahmani kingdom. Jalal Khan in 1455 declared himself king at Nalgonda, but it was a short lived affair. The region was brought back to the Bahmani kingdom.

Qutubshahi

During the time of the Bahmani Sultan Shihabud-din Mahmun Sultan Quli was appointed as tarafdar of Telangana. From him the region was taken by his son Jamshid. Later the district remained under the control of Qutub Shahis until 1687.

Modern Period: Mughals and Asaf Jahis

Nizam-ul-Mulk (Asaf Jah I) defeated Mubasiz Khan at Shaker Khere in Berar and ruled the Deccan in an autonomous capacity. This district, like the other districts of Telangana, passed under the Asaf Jahis and remained under them for a period of nearly two hundred and twenty five years.

Nalgonda's place in Telangana Rebellion history

It has a major role in the Telangana Rebellion. Much of the struggle revolves round Nallagonda and Warangal districts alone and later spread to other regions as well. Almost all the villages in the district were involved in this. The movement was led by Andhra Maha Sabha and Communists. Marshall Law was imposed in the Dist. in 1946. Many people were killed by Razakars or by feudal lords goons and Nizam's armies. Some 3000-5000 villages were liberated and self governing bodies were formed. Lands were distributed among the poor. Many feudal landlords " Jagirdaars " were killed or ripped of their properties. Battles raged between Communists and Razakars (and Nizam's armies).Finally this ended with Indian Forces " Police Action " and Telangana along with Hyderabad state is merged in to Indian Union. Many leaders like Raavi Narayana Reddy, Mallu Swarajyam (woman revolutionary) and her husband, Arutla Ramachandra Reddy and his wife, Bandi Yadagiri, Suddala Hanumanthu, etc. played an important role in the movement. The district's (peoples) part in the rebellion is even immortalized in the poetry of the Movement which was popular then. These were used as a means to enlighten the common people about the revolt and its leaders.

Education in Nalgonda

Primary Schools
Upper Primary         Schools
High School
Hr Secondary      Schools
2857
593
 989
1

Education in Nalgonda

 

 

 

Employment in Nalgonda

Employee Census As Per 2006
GAZETTED NON GAZETTED
1563 18871

Water in Nalgonda

RAINFALL JUNE TO MAY 2007-08

Actual Normal %deviation over normal

817.4

752.6

09

Water in Nalgonda

Health in Nalgonda

Health (as on 31.3.07)

Allopathic
1 Hospitals 12
2 Primary Health centres 72
3 Hospital beds 1,012
4 Dispensaries 3
5 Doctors (Regular + contract) 213

 

Government Funds

State Income

Gross District Domestic Product at current prices for the year
2004-05 (P)
Rs.in Lakhs 7,37,318
Net District Domestic Product at factor cost at current prices for the year (2004-05)(P)
Rs.in Lakhs 6,67,065
Per capita Income (2004-05) at current prices(P)
Rs.in Lakhs 19,744
Gross District Domestic Product at factor cost(2004-05) at constant prices(P)
Rs.in Lakhs 6,25,226
Net District Domestic Product at factor cost at constant prices for the year (2004-05)(P)
Rs.in Lakhs 5,66,104
Per capita Income (2004-05) at constant prices(P)
Rs. 16756

Nalgonda Travel Information

Two Hills in the Town: (due to which the name Nalgonda) have got enormous potential to trekking adventures and also spiritually as a Dargah (Lateef saheb dargah) is located over the hill. One more hill Kapurala gutta is also present with in the Town.

Yadagiri gutta :

Yadagiri Gutta, which is the most devotional place in Nalgonda is located near Bhuvanagiri Town. It is close to Hyderabad, the capital city and the APSRTC runs many buses to the temple town from Mahatma Gandhi Bus Station. The temple draws huge crowds, especially during vacations and on weekends. This is the Place of worship of Lord Laxmi Narasimha Swami.

Nagarjuna Sagar:

This is famous Dam in south india with 26 gates and a Hydroelectric plant. The place also hosts waterfalls called 'Ethipothala' and Gowthama Buddha Museum.

Bhuvanangiri Fort:

Bhuvanangiri Fort was built by Tribhuvanamalla Vikramaditya VI on an isolated rock. The Bala Hisar or citadel on the top of the hill gives a bird's eye view of the neighbouring area. The fort is associated with the herioc queen Rudramadevi and her grandson Prataparudra's rule. Mattapalli: One of the famous devotional places in A.P is also in Nalgonda dist. Sri Jain Mandir, Kolanupaka: The Jain Shrine at Kolanupaka village, near Aler town is more than 2000 years old.This holy temple has three holy idols of Lord Adinath, Lord Neminath and ord Mahaveera and 21 other "Theerthankaras". It is very recently renovated by more than 150 artisans from Gujarat and Rajasthan.

Nandikonda:

A small village on the banks of the Krishna River where several Buddhist structures like monasteries and pillared halls were unearthed and preserved in a museum of the Central Archeological Department.

Panagal/Panagallu :

A village near Nalgonda. There are several ancient temples built under the reign of the Kakatiya, Reddy and Velama kings. There is an archeological museum which has several interesting artifacts.

Vaadapalli:

This is famous for its bridge and also called 'Triveni sangamam' where three rivers Godavari, Krishna and Musi meet.

 
All rights reserved © telanganafocus 2010. Copyright Terms of Use