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  Warangal
warangal

 

Warangal or Orugallu or Ekasila Nagaram is a city and a municipal corporation in Warangal district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. Warangal is 145 km northeast of the state capital of Hyderabad. Warangal is the administrative seat of Warangal District. It is the fourth largest city in Andhra Pradesh with a population of nearly 9,0562,98 (2001 census) which includes Hanamkonda and Kazipet.

Geography

Warangal is located at 18°00'N 79°35'E / 18.0°N 79.58°E / 18.0; 79.58 . It has an average elevation of 302 meters (990 feet )

Demographics

As of 2001 India census,Warangal had a population of 1,128,570. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Warangal has an average literacy rate of 73%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 81%, and female literacy is 64%. In Warangal, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

History

Warangal was the capital of a Hindu Shaivaite kingdom ruled by the Kakatiya dynasty from the 12th to the 14th centuries. The old name of this newly formed city is Orugallu . Oru means one and Kallu means stone. The entire city was carved in a single rock, hence the name Orukallu meaning 'one rock' ( Ekasila nagaram in Sanskrit). The city was also called as 'Andhra Nagaram' (Telugu City). The Kakatiyas left many monuments, including an impressive fortress, four massive stone gateways, the Swayambhu temple dedicated to Shiva, and the Ramappa temple situated near Ramappa Lake.

The cultural and administrative distinction of the Kakatiyas was mentioned by the famous traveller Marco Polo. Famous or well-known rulers included Ganapathi Deva, Prathapa Rudra, and Rani (queen) Rudrama Devi . After the defeat of PratapaRudra, the Musunuri Nayaks united seventy two Nayak chieftains and captured Warangal from Delhi sultanate and ruled for fifty years.

Jealousy and mutual rivalry between Nayaks ultimately led to the downfall of Hindus in 1370 A.D. and success of Bahmanis . Bahmani Sultanate later broke up into several smaller sultanates, of which the Golconda sultanate ruled Warangal. The Mughal emperor Aurangzeb conquered Golconda in 1687, and it remained part of the Mughal empire until the southern provinces of the empire split away to become the state of Hyderabad in 1724 which included the Telangana region and some parts of Maharashtra and Karnataka. Hyderabad was annexed to India in 1948, and became an Indian state. In 1956 Hyderabad was partitioned as part of the States Reorganization Act , and Telangana, the Telugu -speaking region of Hyderabad state which includes Warangal, became part of Andhra Pradesh.

Education in Warangal

Primary Schools
Upper Primary         Schools
High School
Hr Secondary      Schools
2819
801
  1039
1

Education in Warangal

Employment in Warangal

GAZETTED NON GAZETTED
2661 25165

Water in Warangal

Actual

Normal

%deviation over normal

1107.7

993.6

11

Health in Warangal

Health (as on 31.3.07)

Allopathic
1 Hospitals 16
2 Primary Health centres 69
3 Hospital beds 1,645
4 Dispensaries 5
5 Doctors (Regular + contract) 462

Government Funds

State Income

Gross District Domestic Product at current prices for the year
2004-05 (P)
Rs.in Lakhs 6,63,613
Net District Domestic Product at factor cost at current prices for the year (2004-05)(P)
Rs.in Lakhs 6,02,725
Per capita Income (2004-05) at current prices(P)
Rs.in Lakhs 17,781
Gross District Domestic Product at factor cost(2004-05) at constant prices(P)
Rs.in Lakhs 5,76,431
Net District Domestic Product at factor cost at constant prices for the year (2004-05)(P)
Rs.in Lakhs 8,74,695
Per capita Income (2004-05) at constant prices(P)
Rs. 15773
 

Warangal Travel Information

One of the greatest ruling clans of Andhra Desa made this fort city its capital. Orugallu, as it was known, is today's modern Warangal. During the reign of the Kakatiyas, Telugu culture and literature attained great heights. Some of the finest forms of architecture in the whole of South India can be seen in the ruins of the once glorious empire. Only the beauty of the surrounding lakes matches its historic past. Welcome to Warangal, the heartland of Andhra. The capital of the Kakatiya empire.

Warangal is well connected by rail from New Delhi, Hyderabad, Vijayawada, Visakhapatnam and Chennai. The city is a cluster of three towns - Warangal, Kazipet and Hanamkonda. Today, the city and the district of Warangal offer, for the connoisseurs of art, architecture and nature, a rich spread.

Thousand Pillar Temple:
One of the most famous monuments of Andhra Pradesh, the Thousand Pillar Temple, located in Hanamkonda, was built in 1163 AD by the Kakatiya King Rudra Deva, following the Chalukyan style of temple architecture.

The star shaped, triple-shrined temple - dedicated to Lord Shiva, Lord Vishnu and Surya - with its perforated stone screens, richly carved icons, meticulously designed pillars and rock cut elephants, stands testimony to the highly evolved brilliance of Kakatiya architecture.

The six feet high monolithic Nandi is another major lure of this temple, also known as 'Trikutalayam', because of the three shrines within.

Bhadrakali Temple:
Closer to the Thousand Pillar Temple is another famous temple of Bhadrakali, noted for its stone image of Goddess Kali depicted in a sitting posture.

Warangal Fort:
Built by the Kakatiyas, during the reign of King Ganapati Deva in the 13th Century, the once impregnable fort combines geometrical intricacies and beautifully carved arches. The fort has 45 towers and pillars spread over a radius of 19 km, and a temple of Mother Earth called 'Swayambhudevi Alayam' in the middle.

The famous 'Ekasshila', a beautifully carved gateway located within the fort, symbolises the Kakatiya empire and Warangal even till date like Charminar does for Hyderabad.

Khush Mahal: A mute testimony to a glorious past is the Khush Mahal, a masterpiece built by Shitabh Khan. Located close to the Warangal Fort, this magnificent edifice houses idols excavated in the surrounding areas.

Ramappa Temple:
The Ramalingeswara temple, popularly known as Ramappa temple, is situated in Palampet village, 70 km from Warangal. In architectural beauty it is second only to the temples of Belur and Halebid of the Hoyasala empire in Karnataka.

The construction of the temple dates back to 1213 AD. An inscription at the temple reads that it was built on behalf of Ganapati Deva, by his commander in chief, Rudra Senani. Originally there were three temples Kateswara, Kameswara and Rudreswara. Of these only the Rudreswara is intact, while the other two lie in ruins.

The Shiva temple rises magnificently over a six feet high star-shaped platform. The intricate sculpture, richly carved pillars and the exquisitely chiselled walls and ceiling make a visit to Ramappa Temple an unforgettable experience.

Ramappa Lake:
The Kakatiya rulers followed the tradition of constructing a tank adjacent to a temple. In line with this tradition, the Ramappa Lake was also constructed adjoining the temple. The lake holds a great scenic beauty, with its serene surroundings, giving a mystical air to the temple.

Pakhal Lake:
A trip to Warangal is not complete without a sojourn at the charming Pakhal Lake. Moonlit nights on the shores of this lake are simply heavenly. Situated about 50 km from Warangal, this huge manmade lake is enveloped by forested hills.

The lake was excavated during the reign of Ganapati Deva. Set around the lake is the Pakhal Wildlife Sanctury spread over an area of 900 sq.km. The sanctuary is home to the Tiger, Leopard, Panther and Sambhar. Besides a large number of migratory birds arrive in winter at the lake, making it the best season to visit the sanctuary.

Kolanupaka:
Located on the Warangal Hyderabad road (80 km from Hyderabad and 50 km from Warangal), Kolanupaka is an enlivening fusion of history and religion. It was the 11th century capital of Kalyani Chulukyas and the birthplace of Renukacharya, a great Veera Shaiva Saint. However, Kolanupaka is famous as a great pilgrim centre for Jains.

Kolanupaka has a number of ancient temples, some of them even 2000 years old, of great importance to Jains. A five ft. jade idol of Lord Mahavira is an added attraction. The Jain temple is architecturally brilliant and endowed with beautifully carved statues of Tirthankaras.

The State Archaeological Department runs a museum in the Someswara temple complex with a wide range of exhibits relating to temple architecture.

Ethrunagaram:
About 80 km from Warangal, the Eturunagaram Sanctuary, situated along the banks of River Godavari, is home to the Spotted Deer, Blackbuck, Neelgai, Sloth Bear, Panther and Tiger. The sylvan environs of the sanctuary, with forests interspersed with low hills, offer a nice holiday. Cottages maintained by the Department of Forests at Eturunagaram and nearby Tadvai provide comfortable accommodation.

The best season to visit Eturunagaram is between October and May.

Pembarti:
The Kakatiya extensively used sheet metal art to decorate chariots and temples. With the fall of the Kakatiya empire the art had a slow death.

But it was revived during the reign of the Nizams of Hyderabad. Pembarti, located 60 km from Warangal, is famous for the sheet metal art. For the lovers of arts and crafts the town is worth a visit.

Cherial:
Cherial village in Warangal district is home to the famous Cherial scroll painting. The paintings are done in earth colours, depicting mythological stories. They have found great popularity as wall decorations.

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